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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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eye shadow209 products
foundation199 products
concealer138 products
bronzer/highlighter107 products
lipstick94 products
facial moisturizer/treatment57 products
conditioner55 products
shampoo44 products
moisturizer with SPF44 products
brow liner40 products
facial cleanser38 products
makeup remover37 products
facial powder37 products
serums & essences37 products
blush36 products
makeup primer27 products
mask26 products
eye liner24 products
hair color and bleaching22 products
lip balm14 products
mascara14 products
beach & sport sunscreen13 products
moisturizer12 products
body wash/cleanser11 products
glitter9 products
around-eye cream9 products
BB cream8 products
toners/astringents7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
exfoliant/scrub6 products
lip gloss6 products
shaving cream5 products
lip plumper5 products
sunless tanning4 products
other eye makeup4 products
after shave4 products
hand cream4 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
hair styling aide3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
body firming lotion2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
beard care2 products
oil controller2 products
detangler1 products
baby soap1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
body spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
anti-aging1 products
baby shampoo1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
baby lotion1 products
nail polish1 products
beard oil1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as irritantCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergiesNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2457 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
nervous system - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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